Dr. Abraham Aseffa, M.D., Ph.D., graduated in medicine from Gondar College of Medical Sciences in Ethiopia (great distinction) and specialized in Medical Microbiology at the University of Leipzig in Germany where he did his dissertation on the development of an attenuated live vaccine against Listeria monocytogenes (summa cum laude). He joined and later headed the Department of Microbiology in Gondar College as Associate Professor. He conducted leprosy research for 1 year in Carville, LA as a senior Fulbright scholar and basic leishmania immunology research for 3 years in WHO IRTC in Lausanne, Switzerland. He has been working at the Armauer Hansen research Institute (AHRI) since 2001 as senior scientist, Deputy Director and as Scientific Director. Abraham Aseffa has substantial experience in collaborative TB, TB/HIV, leishmania and infectious disease research and in supervising graduate students at AHRI (over 15 PhD and 50 MSc completed and ongoing), as well as teaching Immunology and Clinical Microbiology at Addis Ababa University as honorary faculty member. He has co-authored over 167 articles in peer reviewed journals. Abraham is an active contributor to many professional associations and initiatives in Ethiopia and Africa. He has shown particular interest in capacity building efforts of health research manpower and ethics.